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Marc Wandschneider is a professional software developer with well over fifteen years of industry experience (yes, he really is that old). He travels the globe working on interesting projects and gives talks at conferences and trade shows whenever possible.

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Apr 10, 2007 | 02:28:51
Setting up, Configuring, and Using Kannel to send/receive SMS messages
By marcwan

I recently had the oppportunity (necessity) to set up a web application that interacted with many of the users through SMS messages in addition to the more traditional HTML interface. While there are a number of possible software solutions for GSM modems on Windows, on Unix-like platforms the most commonly used one is Kannel. It also has the advantage of being open source and thus very, very free.

However, setting, configuring, and using Kannel tends to be a bit tricky. I’m writing this article (almost a HOWTO) in an attempt to help out anybody who’s undertaking the process themselves and might be able to get some tips and tricks from this. I expect this to not be a terribly popular article, but if I ever need to set this stuff up myself in the future, then I’ll have it written down somewhere at least!

Most of the instructions here will work on any Unix platform, such as Linux, FreeBSD, or Mac OS X. It’s worth noting that I got nearly everything working with OS X, only to be thwarted at the very end because Mac’s no longer have serial ports to use GSM modems. You could, however, easily use some of the more advaned HTTP based SMS services on a Mac server of some sort.

The Scenario

The web site written was a discounting service oriented around cell phones. Users would send the site a message, and then receive a discount at local venues. They could go to the site on the intarwebs to see their total savings and learn about more venues.

The usage pattern was always:

  • User sends us a message.
  • We might send them a reply after processing it.
  • We might also periodically need to be able to send the user a message for other purporses, such as party invitations, etc (based on their preferences).

Downloading and Compiling

Kannel is trivially easy to download and compile. You visit the Kannel.org website and download the latest and greatest gateway-1.X.Y.tar.gz file.

From there:


# mkdir src
# cd src
# tar xfz ../downloads/gateway-1.4.1.tar.gz
# cd gateway-1.4.1
# configure --prefix=/usr/local/kannel

I chose to install to /usr/local/kannel just because I’m that kind of guy who likes to keep everything reasonably separated and organised. You’re free to put it anywhere.

Compile and install.


# make
# sudo make install
password: **************

Configuration Files

You can be forgiven for thinking Kannel is trivially easy thus far—it really is that easy to download, compile, and install. Unfortunately, here is where things get tricky.

You now need to set up a configuration file. This file has a zillion options to support all of the possible and powerful ways in which Kannel can be used. I will be showing strictly how I set it up for the GSM modem we had in the office (It’s a Siemens GSM modem connected to a serial port, and works quite well).

The basic smskannel.conf (in the gw/ directory) has much of the information we want, but we’ll need to add a few things for our GSM modems and to interact with our web server correctly.

Configuration is divided into a few key groups, each representing the key parts of the kannel system, including the server that handles sending and receving the actual SMSes (bearerbox) and the system that handles the final dispatching to your scripts (smsbox).

The core Group

The first part of the file is the “core” group, and the default is pretty close to what we want:


group = core
admin-port = 13000
smsbox-port = 13001
admin-password = bar
#log-file = "/tmp/kannel.log"
#log-level = 0
box-deny-ip = "*.*.*.*"
box-allow-ip = "127.0.0.1"

You’ll want to change the password of course, but everything else is nearly standard. We are assuming that all communication to the kannel server will come from the same physical computer (127.0.0.1). You can set a log file if you are going to be running kannel as a service on your server, or you can just redirect stdout to some file.

Be aware that kannel has various log levels, ranging from 0, which displays information that is only of interest when you’re in the development and debugging phases, to 4, which only displays critical errors and problems. I tend to develop at level 0 and run live servers at level 1. Disk space is cheap.

The smsc Group

Kannel supports a pretty insane number of ways of sending and receiving SMSes, ranging from SMS services over HTTP, to a fake SMS centre for testing/development purposes, to GSM modems, which is what I have used and is the smsc module. These modems use AT-style modem commands and typically hook up over the serial port. To get this going, I set up the smsc group in the smskannel.conf file:


group = smsc
smsc = at
modemtype = auto
device=/dev/ttyS0
my-number = 123123123123
connect-allow-ip = 127.0.0.1
log-level = 0

The my-number field contains the number of your GSM modem’s SIM chip. Again, I only allow connections from my local server, and the Ubuntu Linux serial port is on /dev/ttyS0.

The smsbox Group

The smsbox group helps configure the part of the system that dispatches SMSes received by the core SMS or receives SMSes before they’re sent out. I honestly don’t fully understand what this group really does, but it’s necessary, and pretty trivial to set up.


group = smsbox
bearerbox-host = 127.0.0.1
sendsms-port = 13013
global-sender = 123123123123
log-level = 0

The global-sender field is the outgoing-number of your GSM modem, which for me is the same as the my-number field above.

The Sendsms Group

This group is what allows your web applications to send SMS messages using Kannel. They do this via simple HTTP requests, and configuration here basically requires a user name and password:


group = sendsms-user
username = kanneluser
password = df89asj89I23hvcxSDasdf3298jvkjc839
concatenation= true
max-messages = 10

Since the password is semi-plain and unprotected here, I tend to use one that is complicated and nearly impossible to remember, but quite different from any other passwords that I actualy use for login accounts and the like.

Getting the Messages to your application

The sms-service group configures how Kannel gets messages to your web application. You are allowed to specify a number of these groups, each of which can “catch” incoming messages based on various criteria. My application had all messages go to one processing script, so I just set up one group that caught all incoming messages.


group = sms-service
keyword =
keyword-regex = .*
catch-all = yes
max-messages = 0
get-url = "http://localhost/sms?phone=%p&text=%a"

This particular configuration has Kannel set up to use an HTTP GET request to send the message to my application. The param phone contains the phone number of the sender and the text parameter contains their entire message.

NOTE: The max-messages value was particularly tricky and critical for me: When I first set up Kannel and tested sending messages, I would always get back '<Empty reply from service provider>'. Setting max-messages to 0 tells Kannel to never send a reply directly from the incoming message (you can, of course, initiate your own response later, of course).

Finally, Setting up the modems

Kannel and smsc tends to be pretty good at figuring out everything about your modem by yourself, but you can help them out by including modems.conf in your smskannel.conf file as I did:


include = "/usr/local/kannel/modems.conf"

Running the Server

The hard part is done; all we have to do now is copy over the config files and start the service up:



# cd /usr/local/kannel
# cp ~/src/gateway-1.4.1/smskannel.conf .
# cp ~/src/gateway-1.4.1/gw/modems.conf .
# sbin/bearerbox -v 0 smskannel.conf &
# sbin/smsbox -v 0 smskannel.conf &


I tend to run the last two commands in two separate shell windows when developing/debugging so that I can see the output from the two programs clearly and use the information to help me figure out what’s going on (level 0 really tells you a lot).

Receiving Messages

Kannel will simply call the URL you told it to in the sms-service group and you can process this with whatever HTTP server environment you want. We’re using LAMP right now, but, again, any will do. The incoming phone number and message are in GET parameters. You can, if you want, configure the sms-service to send them as POST messages as well.

Sending Messages through Kannel

The final part our puzzle is to send outgoing SMS messages through Kannel, and has only one little twist. It is also done via an HTTP interface. It requires you to be a little careful about the character set you use. I found I had the most success by using the UCS-2 character set. In PHP5, you can easily use the iconv function to do this for you.

Since I send both English and Chinese messages, my PHP scripts and langugage string files are all UTF-8. Here is the code I use to send messages:



 function sendSmsMessage($in_phoneNumber, $in_msg)
 {
   $url = '/cgi-bin/sendsms?username=' . CONFIG_KANNEL_USER_NAME
          . '&password=' . CONFIG_KANNEL_PASSWORD
          . '&charset=UCS-2&coding=2'
          . "&to={$in_phoneNumber}"
          . '&text=' . urlencode(iconv('utf-8', 'ucs-2', $in_msg));

   $results = file('http://'
                   . CONFIG_KANNEL_HOST . ':'
                   . CONFIG_KANNEL_PORT . $url);
 }


To make this work, of course, you need to have allow_url_fopen set to On.

That’s It

That’s pretty much it. This has been a pretty dry article, but it does contain everything you need to get Kannel up and running and operational. The manual actually does contain everything you could possibly want to know, so keep digging in there if you’re stuck. Finally, there are mailing lists at kannel.org which tend to be quite helpful as well.

Good luck!

Comments (95) Add Comment | Tags: kannel sms text messaging setup installation howto linux unix
Congratulations and help
Hello Marc.
It is a simple, but illustrative article.
I am trying to use a mobile telephone nokia shape 3250, as modem for the service SMS, but on having executed smsbox, this part send the command AT+CNMI=1,2,0,1,0 and the telephone answers with "EROR". Might you say to me please that I am doing badly?
Other one asks, some guide of user exists of kannel better explain of the own one of kannel?
Thanks and regards
I wait for your response,please!!!!
Modem errors
Posted By: marcwan Apr 27, 2007 22:51:47
Hey Pablo!

I'm sorry, but I don't have a good answer for your question - I have only used a small Siemens GSM modem so far, and I *DID* have some errors when I started, but by choosing the right modem from modems.conf (in fact, I didn't even need to do that - just including modems.conf was okay) all my problems went away.

If you're seeing weird problems, it might be best to go and ask the users@kannel.org mailing list ....

Good luck!
Setup
Posted By: marcwan Jan 31, 2008 20:10:41
I'm sure there are some simple scripts you could find to do some SMSing once you get the entire system set up, yah. You could just take my above code, put it in a PHP file, put #!/usr/local/php5/bin/php at the top, and make it executable, as well. I do a lot of system scripting in PHP these days, just because it's so easy to do.

As for using things other than GSM modems, you most certainly can -- It's just that my experience thus far is entirely limited to GSM modems. Many people use actual cell phones as GSM modems, and others use service providers and other facilities to do the SMS work (some of them even provide their own programmable interfaces that obviate the need for kannel entirely ...).


Good luck!
Configuring Kannel on Ubuntu
Posted By: K- Sep 04, 2008 01:02:11
@Thabiso : you need to install a compiler, like gcc.
Mr
Posted By: Enstine Sep 23, 2008 11:50:04
Sir,
I get the following error within my PHP script

"Warning: file(http://192.168.1.2:10000/cgi-bin/sendsms?username=root&password=kokodi&to=99999&text=test msg) [function.file]: failed to open stream: HTTP request failed! HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request in D:\wamp\www\sms_trigger\incl\sms.php on line 27"

I tried file (http://192.168.1.2) and everything seemed fined. Could it be the port or the ":" ?

Please help

Thanks
send sms group from Mysql data base with KANNEL
Posted By: Nabil Oct 22, 2008 08:44:59
Sir,
can someone tell me how I send a SMS to a lot of users, located in Mysql data base, with KANNEL.
Storing in DB
Posted By: marcwan Nov 30, 2008 02:23:23
I think there -might- be automated ways of doing this, but we would just take the incoming message text, process it in PHP, and then put the result in the database that way. The total processing script couldn't have been more than 150 lines of PHP code, so nothing serious, and didn't appear to be too slow.
How to install kannel on ubuntu transcript
Posted By: tomer Jan 24, 2009 02:33:52
see in this url how to install kannel on ubuntu
vinestars
Can I compile the Kannel gateway with Cygwin? how do I do that. can someone help me with the Stpe-by Step with Cygwin

Thanks
re: GSM MODEM
Posted By: mark raymund tejero Apr 28, 2009 18:45:42
hi marc,

can you give me tips ;-)

im having a problem in setting up my kannel + modem ( itegno 3800 )

everything is okay in receiving sms

followed your tips from this page

works fine.

but, on the sending of msg, logs seems said to be okay.

but i didnt receive the actual msg on my phone

#bearerbox-log

2009-04-29 09:52:32 [14442] [11] DEBUG: boxc_receiver: sms received
2009-04-29 09:52:32 [14442] [11] DEBUG: send_msg: sending msg to box: <127.0.0.1>
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: TP-Validity-Period: 24.0 hours
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: --> AT+CMGS=18^M
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: <--
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: <-- >
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: send command status: 1
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: --> 0011000A9156187509850000A705E8329BFD06
2009-04-29 09:52:33 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: --> ^Z
2009-04-29 09:52:54 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: send command status: -1
2009-04-29 09:52:54 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: --> AT+CMGS=18^M
2009-04-29 09:52:54 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: <--
2009-04-29 09:52:54 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: <-- OK
2009-04-29 09:52:54 [14442] [6] DEBUG: AT2[wavecom]: send command status: 0

@smsbox-log
2009-04-29 09:52:32 [14454] [3] INFO: smsbox: Got HTTP request </cgi-bin/sendsms> from <127.0.0.1>
2009-04-29 09:52:32 [14454] [3] INFO: sendsms used by <tester>
2009-04-29 09:52:32 [14454] [3] INFO: sendsms sender:<tester:+6598540029> (127.0.0.1) to:<+6581579058> msg:<hello>


hope you can help me

thanks,
mark

SMSC
Posted By: Charles Jun 15, 2009 12:44:24
Can someone list how do we connect to SMSC and send message directly to SMSC over a server with ever having a GSM modem to deliver the messages?
Chinese characters
Posted By: marcwan Jun 24, 2009 03:13:48
here in mainland china it's no problem: it just works. You have to encode and decode from UCS-2 (iconv() in PHP).

Other countries will be different. I bet many (most) countries will not support them and mangle them.
Thank You
Posted By: Amgad Jul 07, 2009 00:01:46
Thank you for this great article, it was very helpful.
Kannel Configuration with DLR
Posted By: manish Jul 29, 2009 15:50:11
Hi,

i m thankful for this very intuitive steps on set-upping the kannel.

But i want more ;-), how can i set the DLR , delivery notification on kannel config. I am using the SMPP, can you share your tips & tricks on how-to, without using the SQLBOX module.
Kannel using Nokia 6260
Posted By: JoeEd Jul 31, 2009 14:13:06
hi guys,have anyone tried this on Nokia 6260? or or other nokia phones?

I'll will create a HowTo section...for this.Soon will post a link here... thanks for the help.

Rgds
JoeEd
Thanks, got it working
Posted By: Helen Hunt Aug 29, 2009 16:48:16
Thanks for this tutorial. We have been looking for ways to configure it on our server and even our admin struggled over the period of time to get it installed.

But with this tutorial we are able to get it rolling.
Thanks again for the tips
Re: how to install libxml and mysql with kannel on ubuntu
Posted By: Thomas Sep 30, 2009 06:13:01
...I put my link wrong on the previous post.

@Fred - I had the same problem after running

sudo apt-get install libxml2

So I just did:

sudo apt-get install libxml2*

which may have been overkill, but Kannel is installed now. Tomorrow I'll work on the configuration files.
SMPP Connection Default Character Set
Posted By: Thomas Dec 26, 2009 15:28:44
Thanks for all your comments , the above configurations helped a lot to understand what more could be done with kannel, I am configuring my smpp connections from different providers where i have to set alt-charset = utf-8 in smsc configuration files which is ok but i need to know if there is any alternative using which i could setup the configuration for all providers in kannel_server.conf file. Please help.
Sqlbox Configuration
Posted By: Bulk SMS Dec 29, 2009 19:39:04
Thanks for the tutorial, i found it really helpful and i have bookmarked it. It will be great of you if you post tutorials on how to install mbuni and sqlbox that could be made to connect with kannel.

Thanks for all your help.
GSM modem sending out message.
Posted By: Rajesh Kumar Jan 18, 2010 05:31:26
Hi,

Our software using GSM modem to send out message, coz local network doesn't support SMTP outgoing port(25) that's via we are using GSM modem. Now when local network internet is down why GSM modem can not send out the sms message?? GSM modem it self have radio wave to sending out and receiving, why it's still depend on local network? Can you help me to clear this confusion?

Best Regards,
Rajesh
every thing good but cant recieve sms
Posted By: Munir Ahmad Jan 19, 2010 12:29:14
Hello,
I am very happy with the article but I cannot recieve sms. I can send sms using your code, but when i send sms to my connected phone, which sends sms fine through kannel but doesnt recieve, below is my configuration, can any one help please?


group = sms-service
keyword-regex = .*
catch-all = yes
max-messages = 0
get-url = "http://localhost/getsms?from=%p"
plz
Posted By: pravesh24in Jan 31, 2010 22:22:55
plz send me step by step configuration of kannel with fake smsc by using phone as smsc

pravesh24in@yahoo.com
Send sms command get stucked
Posted By: Lilantha Gayan Mar 06, 2010 03:23:17
Hi,
when i try to send a sms using following command the command line get stucked

lynx -dump "http://127.0.0.1:13012/cgi-bin/sendsms?username=kan&password=abc&to=0776995106&text=text"

I can see the port 13012 is listning in the machine.
heare is my kannel.conf

+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
box-allow-ip = "127.0.0.1"

group = smsbox
bearerbox-host = 127.0.0.1
sendsms-port = 13012
#SMS CENTER NUMBER
global-sender=094077000003
log-level = 0

group = smsc
smsc = at
modemtype = auto
device=/dev/ttyUSB0
my-number =+0940776995106
connect-allow-ip = 127.0.0.1
#sms center
sms-center=094077000003
log-level = 0

group = sendsms-user
username = kan
password = abc
concatenation= true
max-messages = 0


group = sms-service
keyword =default
catch-all = yes
max-messages = 10
get-url = http://localhost/sms/inc/getsms.php?user=john&passwd=1234&mobile=%p&text=%a


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

i dont get any error in my log

This is my log
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++=
10-03-06 07:44:15 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: detecting modem speed.
2010-03-06 07:44:15 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: opening device
2010-03-06 07:44:15 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: device opened. Telnet mode = 0
2010-03-06 07:44:16 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: device opened
2010-03-06 07:44:16 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: speed set to 115200
2010-03-06 07:44:16 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> ^M
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT^M
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- AT
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: Closing device
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: detect speed is 115200
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: detecting modem type
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: opening device
2010-03-06 07:44:18 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: device opened. Telnet mode = 0
2010-03-06 07:44:19 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: device opened
2010-03-06 07:44:19 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: speed set to 115200
2010-03-06 07:44:19 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> ^M
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT^M
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- AT
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT&F^M
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- AT&F
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> ATE0^M
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- ATE0
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> ATI^M
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- Manufacturer: huawei
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- Model: E220
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- Revision: 11.117.10.00.00
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- IMEI: 354137027933854
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- +GCAP: +CGSM,+DS,+ES
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: Cannot detect modem, using generic
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: Reading modem definitions from </etc/kannel/kannel.conf>
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: Loading include file `/etc/kannel/modems.conf' (on line 2 of file /etc/kannel/kannel.conf).
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: Found <14> modems in config
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+CSMS=?^M
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- +CSMS: (0-1)
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: Closing device
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: opening device
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: device opened. Telnet mode = 0
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: device opened
2010-03-06 07:44:21 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: Logging in
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: init device
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: speed set to 115200
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> ATZ^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- AT
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT&F^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- AT&F
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> ATE0^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- ATE0
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+IFC=2,2^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+CPIN?^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- +CPIN: READY
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+CSCA="094077000003"^M
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:22 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+CMGF=0^M
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+CSMS=?^M
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- +CSMS: (0-1)
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: --> AT+CNMI=1,2,0,1,0^M
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] DEBUG: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: <-- OK
2010-03-06 07:44:23 [990] [6] INFO: AT2[/dev/ttyUSB0]: AT SMSC successfully opened.
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

What could be the reason? Thanks in advance :)
sms is delivered to the FROM number everytime
Posted By: Tarun May 21, 2010 06:36:24
Dear Team,
I am using Kannel 1.4.3 on windows. I am using my GSM phone(9810689924) as
modem. smskannel.conf file which is used to run bearerbox and smsbox is also
attached.

When I try an dsend sms using following url :

http://100.1.1.15:13015/cgi-bin/sendsms?username=test&password=test&to=9899796363&from=9810689924&text=tcs

I get a "sent" response but the sms is delivered to the from number i.e
9810689924

I checked access.log and I could see following :

2010-05-20 16:06:55 Receive SMS [SMSC:HTTP] [SVC:test] [ACT:] [BINF:] [FID:]
[from:9810689924] [to:9899796363] [flags:-1:-1:-1:-1:-1] [msg:3:tcs]
[udh:0:]
2010-05-20 16:06:55 SMS request sender:9810689924 request: 'tcs' fixed
answer: ' testing again : Please let me know if you get this message
:Tarun'
2010-05-20 16:07:03 Sent SMS [SMSC:E62] [SVC:] [ACT:] [BINF:] [FID:]
[from:9810689924] [to:9810689924] [flags:-1:0:-1:-1:-1] [msg:66:testing
again : Please let me know if you get this message :Tarun] [udh:0:]

If you see in first log line...from and to numbers are correct but in the
third/last line above i do know how the from and to number have become equal
or same.

Please help!!


My Conf File:
#
#
# This works with the default binary Kannel distribution for cygwin
#
# It is run like this from the cygwin shell -
#
# 1% bin/bearerbox smskannel.conf
# 2% bin/smsbox smskannel.conf
# 3% test/fakesmsc -p 10000 -H localhost -i 1 -m 100 "123 345 text nop"
#
# ..all 3 commands in separate shells (or screen sessions)
#
# The binaries bearerbox, smsbox, fakemsc are located in the default kannel
distro
#
# For any modifications to this file, see Kannel User Guide
# If that does not help, send email to users@xxxxxxxxxx
#
# Kalle Marjola May 2000
# Changed for new fakesmsc version by Uoti Urpala Jan 2001
# Added service and sendsms for HTTP SMSC by Kalle Marjola Mar 2001
#

group = core
admin-port = 13000
smsbox-port = 13001
admin-password = bar
#admin-deny-ip = ""
#admin-allow-ip = ""
log-file = "/tmp/kannel.log"
log-level = 2
box-deny-ip = "*.*.*.*"
box-allow-ip = "127.0.0.1"
unified-prefix = "00358,0"
access-log = "/tmp/access.log"
#store-file = "kannel.store"
#ssl-certkey-file = "mycertandprivkeyfile.pem"


# SMSC CONNECTIONS

#group = smsc
#smsc = fake
#smsc-id = FAKE
#port = 10000
#host=localhost
#connect-allow-ip = 127.0.0.1


group = smsc
smsc = at
smsc-id = E62
modemtype = nokiaphone
device = /dev/com7
connect-allow-ip = 127.0.0.1
log-level = 2
speed = 460800
log-file = "/tmp/e62.log"


group = smsc
smsc = http
smsc-id = HTTP
system-type = kannel
smsc-username = test
smsc-password =test
port = 13015
send-url = "http://100.1.1.15:13015/cgi-bin/sendsms"
connect-allow-ip = "*.*.*.*"
log-level = 2
device = /dev/com7
log-file = "/tmp/http.log"


# SMSBOX SETUP

group = smsbox
#smsbox-id = abc
bearerbox-host = 100.1.1.15
sendsms-port = 13013
global-sender = 9810689924
#endsms-chars = "0123456789 +-"
#log-file = "/tmp/smsbox.log"
log-level = 2
access-log = "access.log"
sendsms-url = /cgi-bin/sendsms
log-file = "abc.log"




# SEND-SMS USERS

group = sendsms-user
username = tester
password = foobar
#user-deny-ip = ""
user-allow-ip = "*.*.*.*"

# this sender is for Kannel relay testing (http_smsc)

group = sendsms-user
username = kannel
password = rL4y
user-deny-ip = "*.*.*.*"
user-allow-ip = "*.*.*.*"



#
# The services should go in a separate file to make it easier for
development
#

# SERVICES

group = sms-service
keyword = tcs
text = "testing again : Please let me know if you get this message :Tarun"

# this service is for Kannel relay testing, when this Kannel
# works as relay gateway

group = sms-service
keyword = relay
get-url =
"http://localhost:15130/sms?user=kannel&pass=rL4y&from=%p&to=%P&text=%r";
max-messages = 0

#
# Skava test service
#
group = sms-service
keyword = hello
text = "Hello world there!"


# there should be default always

group = sms-service
keyword = default
text = "No service specified"
exec = /kannel_incoming %t %q %a



#
# modems.conf, again should be a different file and included as
# include = "/path/to/modems.conf"
#

# Modems configuration
#
# Example and default values
#

group = modems
id = nokiaphone
name = "Nokia Phone"
detect-string = "Nokia Mobile Phone"
detect-string2 = "E61i"
need-sleep = true
keepalive-cmd = "AT+CBC;+CSQ"
#init-string = "AT Q0 V1 E1 S0=0 &C1 &D2 +FCLASS=0
init-string = "AT"
#enable-mms = true

Great Piece of Work
Posted By: Mithila May 23, 2010 07:45:30
It is awesome!thanks for publishing this!

I also need to receive SMS through the Huwawei Modem in GSM mode and process it and then reply the sender with fetched data from the database!

I am using PHP and I have to process the SMS sin PHP,dont I? SSo how can I use this to accomplish my task....I mean how to access the received SMS to Kannel and when sending the reply!So can please someone help me!
Each feedback is greatly appreciated!


Mithila KArunarathne
Sending SMS with UDH using Kannel
Posted By: junk yards Jul 27, 2010 01:08:15
I found the reason 2 days ago (i was too bussy to update you).
The problem was that the UDHL was missing. I should have added "06" at the beginning (there are 6 octets in "05040E06FDE8"). When I use "X-Kannel-UDH: 0605040E06FDE8" it all works fine.
For some reason I thought kannel adds this by itself (not very difficult...), but now I know it doesn't...
Thanks for the effort.
kannel configuration
Posted By: macfallen siame Jul 27, 2010 17:14:46
Marc this is an awesome article that i used for my configuration.I am am delighted that am able to send sms's using the following mobile phones nokia 6303 classic,sony ericsson k850i and w910i but unfortunately am unable to receive sms on kannel but on the connected mobile phone.I am using fedora 13 and could you advice me what modem i must use or what i must do in the smsc group inorder for me to receive sms in the system.If anyone has an idea how please send me a mail to: macboy@fastermail.com.
No go :(
Posted By: Essay Examples Aug 10, 2010 08:15:11
I have used computer apps for SMS messaging before that don't need configuration like this, just download it and it's up and running. This seems to be too much of a chore.
Interesting Books
Posted By: Doug Jan 07, 2011 13:15:35
Nice Guide, for me i have have an SMPP account, not a gsm modem, how can I get kannel to connect to the smsc, using SMPP, since its not native to it?. It will be really helpful....
This is Awesome
Posted By: Muraya Kamau May 26, 2011 06:15:12
This is Awesome.

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